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Sociology and Interdisciplinary Social Sciences

Sociologists analyze how social institutions and social structures such as the economy, politics, education, the family, mass media, and the criminal justice system affect individuals in society.

Top Ten Search Strategies

10. Choose the right database   

Use the Database page on the left to locate the best bets for searching for resources in Sociology.  We recommend that you start with SocINDEX, Sociological Abstracts, or Social Science Full Text. If those do not generate enough results, we recommend you use a more comprehensive database such as OneSearch or Academic Search Complete. If you want to narrow in on a very specific subject, consider a smaller database such as GenderWatch or EthnicNews.  You can browse all of the databases we have on our database A-Z page, where they are listed alphabetically.

OneSearch searches across all of our holdings - a great place to start!

OneSearch Catalog

Enter Your Search Term:


9. Use keywords, not natural language

Google and other resources may allow you to ask questions, such as, "How many immigrants live in the United States?" Databases require keyword searches, such as Immigration.

8. Use quotation marks for phrases  

If you search using U.S. immigration you will return results for every article that contains the word U.S. and every article that contains the word immigration. But if you search using "U.S. Immigration" your results will be limited to resources pertaining to immigration in the U.S.  

7. Use operators  

Operators are words like AND, OR, and NOT. These will help you build a more targeted search. Capitalize your operators. 

  • immigration AND California
  • immigration AND "detention center"
  • immigration NOT Canada OR Canadian

Too many results? Use AND

  • immigration AND California AND "detention center"

Too few results? Use OR

  • immigration OR migration AND "detention center" AND California OR Arizona

6. Filter and sort your results    

Most of our databases provide advanced filtering options, often on the left side of the results page. Use these to filter by such limiters as:

  • Date published
  • Peer-reviewed
  • Language
  • Topic or subject
  • Type of resource (book, article, dissertation, review, chapter)
  • Location of research

The default sort in your result list may not be the most useful for you. Sort by relevance, date, title, or author.

5. Use a Citation Manager

OneSearch and most of our databases allow you to pin or save articles you find so that you can return to them later. However, the SJSU Library provides access to two different third-party platforms (Paperpile and Zotero) that allow you to save articles across resources. Paperpile and Zotero are available at no cost to the SJSU community, including alum. These powerful resources have many features, including organizing your research, storing documents, and generating your bibliography. Use your SJSU email account to register and activate your account. Full information on Paperpile and Zotero is available on our Citation Managers LibGuide

4. RATS  - Read Across The Screen     

Our databases offer a wide variety of functions. Read all areas of the screen on your search or results page, from the top banner and ribbon, side navigation bars, and footers. This helps you customize your results, using advanced features such as image search, smart-text results, and citation counts. 

​3. Use the database's subject terms  

Sometimes keyword searches will only get you so far, and you will need to locate what words the database uses for your topic. These words are called subject terms. You can usually locate subject terms by:

  • Locating an article that is on your topic and looking at its assigned subject terms
  • Browsing a database's thesaurus or subject terms list, often available in the top navigation bar

Example: You may conduct a keyword search on "African American attorneys." But Academic Search Complete uses the term "Black lawyers." The latter generates more on-target results. 

2. Search there, find here         

Sometimes you may find a title or an abstract of an article in one place, but you may need to go to another source to locate the full text.  If you find a title in Google Scholar but not the full-text, copy the title and enter into OneSearch. Use the search function "title starts with" to make sure you search for the identical source. OneSearch may result in the full-text, which you can access by using the "Find It" or "Full Text" buttons. 

1. Work with us  

We are here to help with search strategies, so don't hesitate to reach out to us, or to visit the reference desk at King. You can contact us by email, chat, phone, or appointment.