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Fake News

How to identify and avoid fake news, misinformation, and disinformation

Handouts & Lesson Plans

Ten-Minute Tips

Quick ways to incorporate Mike Caulfield's fact-checking techniques into your existing information literacy instruction. (See Web Literacy for Student Fact-checkers link in box below for details on these techniques.)

Fake News & the Caulfield Technique

Stanford History Education Group: Civic Online Reasoning

Michael Caulfield's work is based on research conducted by Dr. Sam Wineburg and his research team from the Stanford History Education Group. Their findings demonstrate that students are unfamiliar with basic fact-checking techniques that would allow them to verify the information they read online.