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Fake News

How to identify and avoid fake news, deepfakes, misinformation, and disinformation

Handouts & Lesson Plans

Fake News & the Caulfield Technique

Stanford History Education Group: Civic Online Reasoning

Michael Caulfield's work is based on research conducted by Dr. Sam Wineburg and his research team from the Stanford History Education Group (now called the Digital Inquiry Group). Their findings demonstrate that students are unfamiliar with basic fact-checking techniques that would allow them to verify the information they read online.