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Fake News

How to identify and avoid fake news, deepfakes, misinformation, and disinformation

  • STOP - Do you know and trust the source? If not, investigate.
  • INVESTIGATE THE SOURCE - See what others say. Here is a sample search: [URL] -site:[URL]. For example, This search takes the site out of your results list and lets you read what others have to say about it--this technique is called "lateral reading." 
  • FIND TRUSTED COVERAGE - See if established news sources or fact-checking sites, like Snopes or PolitiFact, verify what you read.
  • TRACE TO THE ORIGINAL - Go deeper by tracing quotes or videos back to their source. For photos, use the TinEye Reverse Image Search.



Caulfield, M. (2019, June 19). SIFT (The four moves). Hapgood.