Write your topic in the form of a question.
Brainstorm keywords and related terms.
Find background information on your topic using subject
Search relevant databases for articles using keywords.
Are you finding additional terms or subject headings related to your search? Jot down some of these terms and revise your search terms as necessary.
Scan the articles with a critical eye. Ask who, what, when, where, why? An excellent resource for analyzing references is Critically Analyzing Information Sources by the Cornell University Libraries
Is your topic researchable? Are you finding enough articles? If not, revise your search or topic and begin the process again.