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PH 100W

This guide is a collection of resources for students & faculty in the PH (Public Health) 100W: Writing Workshop course.

PICO(T)

      pico_accronym

 

You can use the PICO(T) to help develop your topic.  The PICO(T) question is the process employed in Evidence Based Practice.

 

Below are resources that can help in developing your topic:

PICO(T) Nursing

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Clinical question

Can motivational interviews be effective in reducing pediatric BMI?

 

Possible article:

Tucker, S. J., Ytterberg, K. L., Lenoch, L. M., Schmit, T. L., Mucha, D. I., Wooten, J. A., . . . Wahlen, K. J. M. (2013). Reducing pediatric overweight: Nurse-delivered motivational interviewing in primary care. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 28(6), 536-547

 

PICO(T) Health Sciences

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Clinical question:

Which methodology can be applied to prevent obesity in childcare settings?

 

Example of an article:

Natale R, Scott SH, Messiah SE, Schrack MM, Uhlhorn SB, Delamater A. (2013). Design and methods for evaluating an early childhood obesity prevention program in the childcare center setting. BMC Public Health, 13, 78. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-78.

 

PICOT Concept Map for Nutrition

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Clinical Question:

In 2nd graders, does the use of adult-sized dishware compared to the use of child-sized dishware affect self-served portion sizes and subsequent food intakes?

 

Possible Article: 

DiSantis, K.I., Birch, L.L., Davey, A., Serrano, E.L., Zhang, J., Bruton, Y., & Fisher, J.O. (2013). Plate size and children's appetite: Effects of larger dishware on self-served portions and intake. Pediatrics, 131(5), e1451-e1458. 

PICO(T) Kinesiology

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Clinical Question:

What is the effectiveness of shoulder countertraction apparatus with physical therapy compared to regular physical therapy alone in patients with frozen shoulder?

 

Possible Article: 

Paul, A., Rajkumar, J. S., Peter, S., & Lambert, L. (2014). Effectiveness of sustained stretching of the inferior capsule in the management of a frozen shoulder. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research472(7), 2262-2268.

PICO(T) Communicative Studies & Sciences

 

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Clinical Question:

For patient with stroke, is early rehabilitation impairment-based therapy intervention effective compared to usual care (UC) therapy?

 

 

Possible article:

Godecke, E., Ciccone, N.A., Granger, A.S., Rai, T., West, D., Cream, A., Cartwright, J., Hankey, G.J. (2014). A comparison of aphasia therapy outcomes before and after a Very Early Rehabilitation programme following stroke. International journal of language and communication disorders, 49(2), 149-161. 

PICO(T) for Occupational Therapy

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Clinical Question:

For adolescents with autism spectrum disorders, does occupational therapy, when compared to no treatment, improve performance in school, home, and community occupations?

 

Possible Article: 

Godecke, E., Ciccone, N.A., Granger, A.S., Rai, T., West, D., Cream, A., Cartwright, J., Hankey, G.J. (2014). A comparison of aphasia therapy outcomes before and after a Very Early Rehabilitation Programme following stroke. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 49(2), 149-161.

PICO(T) Concept Map for Recreation Therapy

Clinical question:

Does art therapy interventions help develop social interactions in children with autism?  

Possible article:

Van Lith, T., Stallings, J. W., & Harris, C. E. (2017). Discovering good practice for art therapy with children who have Autism Spectrum Disorder: The results of a small scale survey. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 54, 78-84.