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Race & Ethnicity


Geological disasters: Earthquakes

Hydrolgical Disasters: Floods

Meteorolgical disasters: Droughts, Heatwaves, Tornadoes

Environmental disasters: a disaster to the
natural environment due to human activity. Can
have long term impact on human life, animals,
and plants. Oil spill, Radioactive waste, Air
pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, etc.

Hurricane Andrew

Loma Prieta earthquake

Hurricane Katrina

Gulf oil spill


Civil Rights and Black Power Movement's Period: 1955–1977

  • 1958: Battle of Hayes Pond (Maxton, North Carolina)
  • 1962: Ole Miss riot, Oxford, Mississippi
  • 1963: Birmingham Riot of 1963, Birmingham, Alabama
  • 1963: Cambridge riot of 1963 (Cambridge, Maryland)
  • 1963: Lexington Riot, Lexington, North Carolina
  • 1964: Harlem Riot of 1964 (Harlem neighborhood, Manhattan, New York City)
  • 1964: Rochester riot (Rochester, New York)
  • 1964: Philadelphia 1964 race riot (North Philadelphia section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • 1965: Watts Riots (Watts neighborhood, Los Angeles, California)
  • 1966: Division Street Riots (Humboldt Park neighborhood, Chicago, Illinois)
  • 1966: Hough Riots (Hough community, Cleveland, Ohio)
  • 1966: North Omaha, Nebraska (North Omaha community, Omaha, Nebraska)
  • Long Hot Summer of 1967
    • 1967: Roxbury riots, (Boston, Massachusetts)
    • 1967: Tampa riots, (Tampa, Florida)
    • 1967: Texas Southern University Riot (Houston, Texas)
    • 1967: 1967 Detroit riot (Detroit, Michigan)
    • 1967: Buffalo riot (Buffalo, New York)
    • 1967: Milwaukee Riot (Milwaukee, Wisconsin)
    • 1967: Minneapolis North Side Riots (Minneapolis, Minnesota)
    • 1967: 1967 Newark riots (Newark, New Jersey)
    • 1967: Plainfield riots (Plainfield, New Jersey)
    • 1967: Cincinnati riots (Cincinnati, Ohio)
  • Protests of 1968
    • 1968: Orangeburg massacre (Orangeburg, South Carolina)
  • 1968: King assassination riots following the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
    • 1968: Baltimore riot of 1968 (Baltimore, Maryland)
    • 1968: Chicago West Side riots (Chicago, Illinois)
    • 1968: Louisville riots of 1968 (Louisville, Kentucky)
    • 1968: 1968 Washington, D.C. riots (Washington, D.C.)
    • 1968: 1968 Wilmington riots (Wilmington, Delaware)
  • 1968: Glenville shootout and riot (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • 1969: 1969 York Race Riot (York, Pennsylvania)
  • 1970: May 11 Race Riot (Augusta, Georgia)
  • 1970: Jackson State killings (Jackson, Mississippi)
  • 1971: Camden riots (Camden, New Jersey)
  • 1972-1977: Escambia High School riots (Pensacola, Florida)
  • 1975: Chaffey High School Race Riot enhanced by local sniper (Ontario, California)

1978 to today

  • 1978: Houston's Moody Park on the first anniversary of Joe Campos Torres death.
  • 1980: Miami Riots (Miami, Florida): Reactions following the acquittal of four Miami-Dade Police officers in the death of Arthur McDuffie.
  • 1980: Chattanooga Riot (Chattanooga, Tennessee)
  • 1984: Lawrence, Massachusetts Race Riot: A small scale riot centered at the intersection of Haverhill and railroad streets between working class whites and Hispanics; several buildings were destroyed by Molotov cocktails; August 8, 1984.
  • 1989: Overtown Riot (Miami, FL) In a reaction to the shooting of a black motorcyclist by a Hispanic police officer in the predominantly black community of Overtown in Miami, residents rioted for two nights. The officer was later found guilty of manslaughter.
  • 1991: Crown Heights riot (Crown Heights neighborhood, Brooklyn, New York City)
  • 1992: Los Angeles Riots (Los Angeles, California): In a reaction to the acquittal of all four LAPD officers involved in the videotaped beating of Rodney King, in addition to the Korean involved in the murder of Latasha Harlins; plus the beating of Reginald Denny, a white truck driver, who got caught in the riot.
  • 1996: St. Petersburg Riots (St. Petersburg, Florida): After Officer Jim Knight stopped 18 yr. old Tyron Lewis for speeding, his car lurched forward and Knight fired his weapon, fatally wounding the black teenager. Riots broke out and lasted for about 2 days.
  • 2001: Cincinnati riots (Cincinnati, Ohio): In a reaction to the fatal shooting of an unarmed young black male, Timothy Thomas by Cincinnati police officer Steven Roach, during a foot pursuit, riots broke out over the span of a few days.
  • 2003: Benton Harbor riots (Benton Harbor, Michigan)
  • 2005: 2005 Toledo Riot (Toledo, Ohio): A race riot that broke out after a planned Neo-Nazi protest march through a black neighborhood.
  • 2006: Fontana High School riot (Fontana, California): Riot involving about 500 Latino and black students
  • 2006: Prison Race Riots (California): A war between Latino and black prison gangs set off a series of riots across California
  • 2008: Locke High School riot (Los Angeles, California)
  • 2009: 2009 Oakland Riots (Oakland, California): Peaceful protests turned into rioting after the fatal shooting of an unarmed black man, Oscar Grant, by a BART transit policeman.
  • 2014-2015: The Ferguson unrest, a series of riots break out in Ferguson, Missouri over the shooting of Michael Brown.
    • August 2014: riots for two weeks after the initial shooting of Michael Brown.
    • Late November and early December 2014: riots for one week after the police officer who shot Michael Brown was not indicted.
    • August 2015: riots for two days during the anniversary of the shooting of Michael Brown.
  • 2015: The Death of Freddie Gray was an incident in which a suspect died in police custody and later protests turned into riots in Baltimore.
  • 2015: Charleston church massacre. Nine African Americans murdered by 21 year old Dylann Roof.
  • 2016: Dakota Access Pipeline protests
  • 2017: Charlottesville, Virginia: August 11-12, White supremacist groups protesting the removal of the statue of Robert E. Lee chanting anti-semitic and displaying Nazi slogans marched throughout the University of Virginia campus. A riot erupted where a protesting member drove his car into counter protester killing Heather Heyer and injuring more. 
  • 2017 In response to the 2015 Charleston church massacre and the 2017 Charlottesville action, removal of Confederate monuments and memorials took place.