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Citing and Writing Help: Citation Styles

Information on writing, searching, evaluating sources, scholarly vs. popular articles, and citing your sources in APA, MLA, and Chicago/Turabian style.

Why Cite?

Citing your sources may seem tedious, but it's important to cite because:

  • Citations allow others to find the information you used in your research paper.
  • They help establish the credibility of your research.;
  • They acknowledge the work of other scholars who have made your own research possible.;
  • And last but certainly not least, they help you avoid plagiarizing!

RefWorks

Use RefWorks to manage your citations and references and to generate bibliographies in various styles.

Citation Styles

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. These resources, revised according to the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, offer examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and reference pages:

MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the arts and humanities. These resources, revised according to the 7th edition of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, offer examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and reference pages:

Chicago style is used in books, magazines, newspapers, and other non-scholarly publications. It is very similar to Turabian style, but while The Chicago Manual of Style focuses on providing guidelines for publishing in general, Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations focuses specifically on providing guidelines for student writers. These resources offer examples for the general format of Chicago/Turabian style research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and reference pages:

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